When alternate therapies, home remedies and other treatment options fail, the patient’s doctor may recommend trying out a surgical option. This may be suitable if the cartilage has completely eroded due to arthritis and the knee is irreversibly damaged. There are many different types of surgical options available depending on the condition of the knee joint. Advances in medicine and technology have made surgical procedures safer, much less invasive and ensure less post-operative pain and faster recovery periods.
A knee arthroscopy may be used to repair tendons and cartilage or remove bone fragments in the knee. The surgery is minimally invasive and involves using an arthroscope (a camera that enables one to view the inside of a joint) and other special instruments to operate on the inside of the patient’s knee. In most cases, the patient is released from the hospital on the same day as the surgery and within a week, the patient is able to resume his/her daily routine.
Knee Microfracture Surgery
Knee microfracture surgery is performed on patients with full-thickness cartilage defect. The surgery involves arthroscopically creating holes in the articular surface of the knee joint in order to allow pluripotential marrow cells to get into the joint. This will then enable the regeneration of a new fibro cartilaginous coating. Knee microfracture surgery is usually an out-patient procedure, but the patient may have to use crutches for one or two months after the procedure.
Knee osteotomy is sometimes performed on younger adults with limited arthritis in order to postpone their knee replacement. It is an open knee surgery which involves the surgeon cutting the bone and realigning it so that the weight is redirected away from the damaged portion of the knee.
Partial Knee Replacement
Partial knee replacement, sometimes known as uni compartmental knee replacement, is a viable knee replacement surgery when only one side of the patient’s joint is diseased. The surgeon will remove only the damaged bone surface and cartilage and replace it with an artificial implant. The healthy portion of the joint remains in-tact.
Total Knee Replacement
A traditional total knee replacement is considered when the surfaces on both sides of the bones as well as the bottom of the patella are diseased. The surgeon will replace the surface of the femur and the tibia with an artificial implant. There is more detailed information available on total knee joint replacement surgery including more details on the surgery, preparing for surgery and recovery post-surgery available on this website.
** This web page illustrates various therapies/treatments, which patients generally adopt to treat pain. These illustrations should not be considered as recommendations or endorsements of such therapies by Company for treating such pain. Please consult your surgeon/doctor to find the best available treatment suited for your knee pain.